Routine Eye Examinations for Adults
A comprehensive eye examination performed by an optometrist evaluates many different aspects of your visual system. An eye exam includes evaluation of your visual acuity, eye alignment, glasses prescription and the health of the entire eye and surrounding eyelid structures. This is an important part of your overall health and preventative health care as eye examinations can detect disorders and diseases such as diabetes and high blood pressure, as well as neurological conditions such as brain tumours and multiple sclerosis. Eye doctors can also diagnose and manage common eye conditions such as cataracts, glaucoma, dry eye disease and macular degeneration.
Optometrists use a wide variety of tools and technologies to perform an eye examination. If an optometrist detects problems with your eyes or visual system, she may recommend glasses, contact lenses, vision exercises, medication, or surgery. Optometrists collaborate and refer to many other medical professionals including ophthalmologists, family physicians, neurologists and occupational therapists to ensure that your visual health is managed appropriately.
For most adults, a comprehensive eye examination is recommended once every two years. However, for adults with a sight threatening visual condition, an eye doctor may recommend more frequent follow-ups. Of course, you should call an optometrist to book an eye examination if you have concerns for your eye health or sight, even if you are not yet due for your routine eye check-up.